文章摘要
刘承婷,贺亮,管恩东.基于拉瓦尔管的气液两相流雾化规律研究[J].,2022,62(2):179-187
基于拉瓦尔管的气液两相流雾化规律研究
Study of atomization law of gas-liquid two-phase flow based on Laval tube
  
DOI:10.7511/dllgxb202202010
中文关键词: 雾化喷管  气液两相流  超音速流动  喷射深度  散射宽度  雾化效果
英文关键词: atomizing nozzle  gas-liquid two-phase flow  supersonic flow  jet depth  scattering width  atomization effect
基金项目:中国石油科技创新基金资助项目(2019D50070206).
作者单位
刘承婷,贺亮,管恩东  
摘要点击次数: 56
全文下载次数: 46
中文摘要:
      基于拉瓦尔管设计了一种雾化喷管,使天然气产生超音速流动,把液流剪切破碎成小液滴,降低了气液相截面密度和流动阻力.采用数值仿真软件Fluent模拟了喷管内部气液相流动的微观形态和内部流场规律,分析了气相压力、液流速度、喷孔直径和液相喷孔数量对雾化颗粒分布规律和雾化效果的影响.研究得出在303 975 Pa的气相压力下液流喷射深度为0.911 2 mm,散射宽度为1.201 3 mm,雾化效果较好;气相压力增大至1 013 250 Pa时,雾化颗粒贴近壁面,喷射深度为0.304 1 mm,散射宽度为0.365 0 mm,雾化效果变差.液流速度增加,雾化效果增强;喷孔直径增大,喷射深度增加,喷孔直径为1.2 mm时,散射宽度有极大值2.356 2 mm,雾化效果最好.使用双喷孔结构,雾化颗粒直径分布均匀,近似于正态分布,雾化颗粒直径减小,雾化效果增强.通过改变工况参数,可提高携液率和排采质量.
英文摘要:
      An atomizing nozzle is designed based on Laval tube, which makes the natural gas flow at supersonic speed, shears and breaks the liquid flow into small droplets, and reduces the cross-sectional density and flow resistance of the gas and liquid phases. The microscopic shape and internal flow field law of gas-liquid flow inside the nozzle are simulated with Fluent numerical simulation software. The influence of gas phase pressure, liquid flow velocity, orifice diameter and number of liquid orifices on atomized particle distribution law and atomization effect is analyzed. The research shows that the liquid jet depth is 0.911 2 mm and the scattering width is 1.201 3 mm under the gas phase pressure of 303 975 Pa, the atomization effect is better. When the gas phase pressure is increased to 1 013 250 Pa, the atomized particles are close to the wall, the jet depth is 0.304 1 mm, the scattering width is 0.365 0 mm, and the atomization effect is deteriorated. When the liquid flow velocity is increased, the atomization effect is enhanced; the orifice diameter is increased, the spray depth increases. When the orifice diameter is 1.2 mm, the scattering width has a maximum value of 2.356 2 mm, and the atomization effect is the best. The double orifice structure is used, the atomized particle diameter distribution is uniform and close to normal distribution, the atomized particle diameter is reduced, and the atomization effect is enhanced. By changing the working condition parameters, the liquid carrying rate and drainage quality can be improved.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭